Humanism


Humanism
a range of ethical views that consider human nature to be the source of values.
• Posthumanism - a development of humanism that rejects a special position in nature for humanity.
• Secular humanism - a system of belief that upholds ethics and reason as the sole means of gaining knowledge. Secular humanists reject blind faith and dogma in favor of scientific inquiry, and most agree that science and rationality can be supplemented with help from the arts. Also known as scientific humanism.
• Transhumanism - (sometimes abbreviated >H or H+) an emergent philosophy analysing or favouring the use of science and technology, especially neurotechnology, biotechnology, and nanotechnology, to overcome human limitations and improve the human condition. Dr. Robin Hanson describes it as "the idea that new technologies are likely to change the world so much in the next century or two that our descendants will in many ways no longer be 'human'."
• Democratic transhumanism - a transhumanist philosophy which is generally socially progressive. It also encompasses radical democratic political views.
• Religious humanism - a philosophy based on the integration of religious rituals and/or beliefs with humanistic philosophy that centers on human needs, interests, and abilities (such as art).
• Christian humanism - a philosophy in which human freedom and individualism are compatible with the practice of Christianity or intrinsic in its doctrine. It is a combination of humanist and Christian values.
• Christian existential humanism - a philosophy that argues that humans can make choices based on free will through Christ's teachings.

Mini philosophy glossary . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Humanism — is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appealing to universal human qualities, particularly rationality. [ cite book title=Compact Oxford… …   Wikipedia

  • Humanism — • The name given to the intellectual, literary, and scientific movement of the fourteenth to the sixteenth centuries, which aimed at basing every branch of learning on the literature and culture of classical antiquity Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Humanism —    Humanism was the principal intellectual movement of the European Renaissance; a humanist was a teacher or follower of humanism. In the simplest sense, the term humanism implies that a certain group of school subjects known since ancient times… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • humanism —    Humanism is the view that human beings are of unique or supreme value. While the Renaissance s fascination with the human form and the glories of Greek and Roman civilisation reveals a humanistic impulse, modern humanism arose in the… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Humanism — Hu man*ism, n. 1. Human nature or disposition; humanity. [1913 Webster] [She] looked almost like a being who had rejected with indifference the attitude of sex for the loftier quality of abstract humanism. T. Hardy. [1913 Webster] 2. The study of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • humanism — index benevolence (disposition to do good) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • humanism — along with HUMANIST (Cf. humanist) used in a variety of philosophical and theological senses 16c. 18c., especially ones imitating L. humanitas education befitting a cultivated man. See HUMAN (Cf. human) + ISM (Cf. ism). Main modern sense in… …   Etymology dictionary

  • humanism — ► NOUN 1) a rationalistic system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters. 2) a Renaissance cultural movement which turned away from medieval scholasticism and revived interest in ancient Greek and …   English terms dictionary

  • humanism — [hyo͞o′mə niz΄əm, yo͞o′mə niz΄əm] n. 1. the quality of being human; human nature 2. any system of thought or action based on the nature, interests, and ideals of humanity; specif., a modern, nontheistic, rationalist movement that holds that… …   English World dictionary

  • humanism — /hyooh meuh niz euhm/ or, often, /yooh /, n. 1. any system or mode of thought or action in which human interests, values, and dignity predominate. 2. devotion to or study of the humanities. 3. (sometimes cap.) the studies, principles, or culture… …   Universalium

  • humanism — Synonyms and related words: Christian humanism, Religious Humanism, anthroposophy, bibliolatry, bibliomania, bluestockingism, book learning, book madness, bookiness, bookishness, booklore, classical scholarship, classicism, culture, donnishness,… …   Moby Thesaurus


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